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Agricultural Science Paper 2, Nov/Dec 2010  
Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Main
General Comments
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Question 10

(a) List four factors that affect the efficiency of agricultural labour.[4 marks]

(b) Outline four ways in which capital is important in agricultural production. [4 marks]

(c) List five agencies that are involved in agricultural extension programmes in West Africa. [5 marks]

(d)Give three reasons why governments in West Africa should encourage agricultural extension services.
[3 marks]


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OBSERVATION

This question was not popular with the candidates and the performance of those that answered it was below average. In question 10(a), most of the candidates could list the factors that affect the efficiency of agricultural labour. Also, in question 10(b), many candidates could outline the ways in which capital is important in agricultural production.

However, in question 10(c), many candidates could not list the agencies that are involved in agricultural extension programmes in West Africa. Further to this, most of the candidates were unable to give the reasons why governments in West Africa should encourage agricultural extension services.

The expected answers include:

Agencies that are involved in agricultural extension programmes in West Africa.
- Universities of Agriculture or conventional universities with Faculty of Agriculture
- Schools of Agriculture
- Ministries of Agriculture
- Agricultural Development Programme (ADP)
- Farm settlement scheme
- Agro-service centres
- Research institutes
- Co-operative societies
- Marketing boards
- The World Vision International
- Sasakawa Global 2000
- Techno serve
- Care International
- Action Aid
- Hunger project
- Freedom from hunger
- Catholic Relief Services (CRS)
- Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)
- Other non-governmental organizations (NGOS)
- Departments of agriculture in Colleges of Education and Polytechnics.

Reasons why government in West Africa should encourage agricultural extension services
- Provide effective linkage between researchers and farmers
- Serve as a two-way line of communication between policy makers and farmers
- Provide opportunity for farmers to adopt improved farming methods, techniques and Innovations
- Enable farmers to be aware of support services available to them including financial assistance in varied forms
- Help farmers to become competent and confident to confront their farming problems at the individual level.

 

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