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Chemistry Paper 3,Nov/Dec 2009  
Questions:         1 2 3       Main
General Comments
Weakness/Remedies
Strength

























































Question 1

The table below shows burette readings obtain when 25.00 cm3 of solution of XOH containing 6.5 g dm-3 of solution was titrated with a 0.06 mol dm-3 solution of H2SO4.

           


Burette readings (cm3)

I

II

III

Final burette reading

24.60

48.80

25.55

Initial burette reading

00.00

24.60

1.25

Volume of acid used

 

 

 

           
Equation for the reaction is
           
            2XOH(aq) + H2SO4(aq)                             X2SO4(aq)  + 2H2O(L)

            (a)        Calculate the:

(i)         volume of acid used for each titre;

      1. average titre value.

        [5 marks]
            (b)        Calculate the:
                        (i)         Concentration of  XOH(aq)  in moldm-3;
                        (ii)        molar mass of XOH;
                        (iii)       atomic mass of X.
                                                                                                                                [8 marks]

(c)        Name a suitable indicator for this titration.
[ H = 1 0 = 16 ].
                                                                                                          [1 mark]                                                                                                                         

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
OBSERVATION

The question was attempted by most candidates and the performance was good.

In part (a)(i) and (ii), candidates  correctly calculated volume of acid used for each titre and the average titre value as follows:

            (i)         Titre  I.            24.60 – 0.00 = 24.60 cm3
                                 II.           48.80 – 24.60 = 24.20 cm3
                                            III.          25.55 – 1.25 = 24.30 cm3

  1. Average titre =  24.20 + 24.30

                                                 2
                                    =  24.25 cm3

However, some of the candidates lost marks because they either used the three titre values or two non concordant titre values with wrong units to calculate the average titre.

 

In part (b) (i) – (iii), candidates correctly calculated the concentration of XOH(aq) in
moldm-3, molar mass of XOH and atomic mass of X respectively.  Some of the candidates could not however, express their final answers in the required number of significant figures with the correct unit hence, lost some marks.

The expected answers from candidates were as follows:
                                                
(i)         CA VA         =     1       
             CB VB                     2

         CB                  =       2 CA VA                                        
                                         VB
                
                                 =      0.06 x 24.25x 2                         
               25

                             =     0.116 mol dm-3                          (2 or 3 sig. figures)

ALTERNATIVE METHOD
1000 cm3 of H2SO4 contain 0.06 mole
∴ 24.25 cm3   H2SO4 will contain .06 x 24.25
          1000

      =   0.001455 mole

From equation for the reaction,
1 mole H2SO4 reacts with 2 moles KOH
0.001455 mole H2SO4 will react with 2 x 0.001455 mole XOH
            =  0.00291 mole XOH

 25 cm3  of XOH contains  0.00291mole

1000 cm3 of XOH will contain 0.00291 x 1000
25

                          =  0.1164 mole

             C XOH    =  0.116 mol dm-3

  1. molar mass of XOH   =   6.5 g dm-3

        0.116mol dm-3

=    56.0 g mol-1

  1. XOH = 56

X + 16 +1= 56
X  = 56 -17 = 39

In question (c), candidates correctly named any of methyl orange, methyl red and phenolphthalein as a suitable indicator for the titration.  Some lost the mark because they wrote “any indicator”.

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