The expected answers were:
(a)
CONVERT FROM |
TO |
MULTIPLER/ FACTOR |
Peak |
r.m.s. |
0.707 |
Peak |
Average |
0.637 |
Peak |
Peak-to-peak |
2.000 |
(b) In general, instantaneous values for sinusoidal voltage signals were given by the expression.
V(t) = V peak sin (2πft)
In this case, frequency (f) = 1000 and peak voltage Vpeak was given as 100v.
Therefore the desired expression was
v(t) = 100 sin (2000πt) volts
(c) The instantaneous value at t = 0.2 milli-seconds was
v(0.2) = 100sin (2000π x 0.2 x 10-3)
= 100sin (0.4π)
= 100 x 0.951
= 95.1v
This question was on circuit analysis (i.e. sinusoidal alternating current signals) characterized by the following features:
Vrms = Vmax = 0.707Vmax
√2
Vaverage = 2Vmax = 0.637Vmax
π
Most of the candidates appeared not to be aware of these relationships.
In parts b and c, many candidates missed them by taking sin (0.4 π) as sin(1.25663°) instead of sin (1.25663radians).