Many candidates attempted the question though some did not understand the question and wrote about the factors that led to the jihad. However, majority of the candidates demonstrated a good knowledge of the subject. They were able to discuss the following points:
(i) single Fulani Empire was established to replace all the old Hausa dynasties;
religious unity was established as the people saw themselves belonging to the same religion;
cultural unity was established;
a new system of government was introduced;
Islamic code of conduct was embraced by the people, etc.