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History 2, May/June 2008  
Questions:   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12   Main
General Comments

question 2

(a)   Identify three Oracles in Igboland before 1800.
(b)   Give four reasons for the Aro dominance of the Igbo
        hinterland  up to  1800.


The question was not very popular.  Those who answered it could not identify the
           oracles which included, Agballa oracle of Awka, Igwekala oracle of Umunora,
          Amadioha oracle of Ozuzu and Ibinu Kpabe (Long Juju) Oracle of Arochukwu.

          The part (b) was also badly treated.  The candidates were expected to give the
          following reasons:          

  1. the Aro people were geographically placed along the Cross River and exploited  the demand for slaves by the coastal people;
  2. they had cultural and ethnic affinity with a section of Ibeku Igbo, Akpa and Ibibio  of the Cross River that furthered their commercial interest;
  3. they adopted shrewd business practices which made them to monopolize trade among the Kalabari traders;
  4. they founded trading colonies and settled to make trading contacts with local people which later led to inter-marriages;
  5. their middleman position aided them to employ the services of eager warriors e.g. Abam and Ohaffia to get more slaves and for defense, etc.


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