Many candidates attempted the question though some did not understand the question and wrote about the factors that led to the jihad. However, majority of the candidates demonstrated a good knowledge of the subject. They were able to discuss the following points:
- single Fulani Empire was established to replace all the old Hausa dynasties;
- religious unity was established as the people saw themselves belonging to the same religion;
- cultural unity was established;
- a new system of government was introduced;
- Islamic code of conduct was embraced by the people, etc.