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 Woodwork Paper 3, Nov/Dec. 2008
 Questions: 1 2 3 4 Main
Weakness/Remedies
Strength

Question 2

(a) State three differences between softwood and hardwood.

(b)  (i)    Sketch a butt hinge
(ii)    Label three parts of the hinge sketched in (b)(i)

(c)  (i)    State two reasons for sanding wood surfaces before applying finishes.

(ii)    Name two types of abrasives.

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Observation

Most candidates were able to:

• differentiate between softwood and hardwood;
• sketch a butt hinge;
• label parts of the hinge;
• name a suitable screw for fixing the butt hinge;
• state reasons for sanding wood surfaces  before applying finishes;
name types of abrasives.

The expected answer to question 2 is as given below:
(a) Differences between softwood and hardwood

Softwood                                                        Hardwood
- Leaves are needle-like                                  - Leaves are broad
- Evergreen                                                      - Deciduous
- Naked seeds                                                 - Enclosed seeds
- Cells are non-pored                                       - Cells are pored

(b)        (i)         Sketch of Butt Hinge

1. Naming suitable screw for Butt Hinge

(c)        (i)         Reasons for Sanding Wood Surfaces

-           To remove unwanted marks
-           To make the surface smooth
-           To remove stains.

(ii)        Naming of types of Abrasives

-           Flint
-           Garnet
-           Emery cloth
-           Glasspaper
-           Sandpaper