Part (a). Most candidates explained inertia correctly but did not explain inertial mass correctly.
Rather they were stating Newton's first law of motion which was not proper.
Part (b). Responses from candidates were satisfactory.
Part (c). Performance was low. Few candidates correctly linked this to regulation but could not
explain it as demanded by the question. Some candidates were explaining it in terms of adhesion
and cohesion which was wrong.
Part (d). Candidates found this part very tractable.
The expected answers are:
12. (a)(i)Inertia is the reluctance of a body to move if it is at rest or to stop if it is
already in motion.
The more mass a body has the greater its inertia.
(ii) Inertial mass represents resistance to any type of force whatever
the more mass a body has the more force that is required to give it an
the mass of anobject appearing in the expression
Force = mass x acceleration is the inertial mass
(b)Any 3 correct factors
humidity/dryness of the air
( c) Ice melts if ( sufficient) pressure is applied to it. This is because an increase in
pressure lowers the melting point of ice. When the two ice cubes are pressed
together, melting point of ice is lowered, so they melt to form a thin layer of water
(between them). On releasing the pressure, the water formed freezes because decrease in pressure raises the freezing point. Hence the two cubes stick together.
hAPA = hB PB
26xO.92x 103 =hBx 1.30 x 103
hB = 26xO.92x 103
1.30 x 103
= 18.4 cm