(a) Outline four advantages of air transport over water
(b)How does air transport enhance the development of
(c) Highlight three problems facing the operation of air
transport in your country
This question was popular among the candidates. However, the parts (a)
and (b) aspects of the question were not properly handled by some of the
candidates that answered the question. In the (a) part of the question,
many candidates just presented the advantages of air transport without
comparing it with water transport. The expected answers to the (a) aspect
of the question include:
Air transport is faster than water transport.
Air transport is comfortable while water transport is tiresome and
Air transport uses direct route while water transport does not
Air routes have minimal interruptions while much interruptions such
as the presence of cataracts, waterfall and sea weeds exist on
Helicopters can land in any open space, while ships anchor at ports.
Air transport is preferred in carrying goods of high unit values than
Helicopters can be used to reach the remotest places while water
transport is limited to water courses.
War planes could reach their desired targets for either bombing or
evacuation of personnels easier than ships.
The ways in which air transport enhance the development of my country
fast movement of goods and services;
transportation of precious mineral like gold and diamond;
fostering of diffusion of ideas and innovations;
enhancement of tourism;
fostering of national integration;
employment opportunities for pilots, clerks, security men,
aerial surveys of geographical features;
aids geological mapping;
sources of revenue to government e.g. landing fees and airport tax.