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Geography Paper 2 , Nov/Dec 2010  
Questions:   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9   Main
General Comments
Weakness/Remedies
Strength
Question 9

(a)Describe four features of Plantation Agriculture in East Africa.
(b) Outline three advantages of Plantation Agriculture in East Africa.
(c)Highlight the limitations of Plantation Agriculture in East Africa.

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Observation

This question was not popular among the candidates. The majority of those candidates that answered the question performed poorly. The expected answers included:
(a) Features of plantation agriculture in East Africa
Large-scale in nature extends over several hectares of land;
large number of paid workers are employed - skilled and un-skilled;
(b) high capital involvement;
use of pesticides and herbicides;
concentration on the production of single crops - monocropping;
mostly owned by foreign companies and lor individuals;
methods of operation are modern and efficient;
export oriented;
processing factories located within plantations.
Advantages of Plantation Agriculture in East Africa
source of innovations to farmers;
ensures the continuous production of crops e.g. tea, coffee;
provision of employment - skilled and unskilled;
foreign exchange earning;
efficiency is promoted by the use of machines;
production of raw material for industries; .
revenue to governments.
(c)Limitations of Plantation Agriculture in East Africa
pests and diseases;
inadequate storage facilities;
inadequate capital;
poor management;
fragmented land tenure system;
fluctuation in world prices;
variations in the weather.

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