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Health Science Paper 1, Nov/Dec. 2010  
Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Main
General Comments
Strength
Weakness/Remedies
Question 2

  1. Study the diagram below and use it to answer questions 2(a) to 2(6).

Question 2

(a) (0 What does the diagram represent?[ 1 mark)
(ii) Name the parts labelled I to X [ 5 marks)
(iii)State one function each of the parts labelled III, V,
VI and IX). [4 marks
(iv)Which part could be cut as a permanent contraceptive
method[ 1 mark ]?
(b) State one condition each associated with the parts
Labelled III and VI which may result in infertility[ 2 marks]



_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

observation

This question was attempted by may candidates and their performance was poor. In part (a)(i) candidates could not correctly say the representation of the diagram, in (a)(ii) candidates could not correctly name the parts labelled I to X, in (a)(iii) candidates could not also correctly state function of the parts labelled III,V,VI and ix, in (a)(iv) candidates could not mention part that could be cut as a permanent contraceptive method. In part (b)
candidates could not correctly state condition associated with the parts labelled III and VI which may result in infertility
The expected answers were as follows:                                              
2(a)(i) Identification
female reproductive system/urinogenital system
(ii) Naming the parts labelled
             I      kidney
            II      Ureter
           III      Oviduct/fallopian tube
           IV      Funnel of oviduct
           V       Ovary
           VI      Uterus/womb
           VII     Urethra
VIII Vagina
            IX      Cervix
             X      Bladder/urinary bladder
  (iii)      Function of the parts labelled "I,V,VI and IX
Function of III (Fallopian tube)

pathway/muscular passage for the eggs from the ovary to the uterus
site of fertilization
Function of V(Ovary)
produces eggs/ova
secretes hormones/oestrogen/progesterone
for maintenance of pregnancy
Function of VI (Uretus/womb)
protects/houses the developing baby
site of foetus implantation
contracts to expel baby during labour/birth
provides nourishment for foetus.
Function of IX (Cervix)
dilates during labour for the birth of the baby
- for the passage of the sperm into the uterus/menstrual flow
- closes during pregnancies to avoid miscarriages
(iv) Part that could be cut as a permanent contraceptive method
III/Oviduct/fallopian tube
(b) Condition associated with parts labelled III and VI which may result in fertility
condition associated with part labelled III/fallopian tube

blockage of the tubes/cancer/inflammation

Condition associated with part labelled VI/Uterus
Fibroids/scar tissues
Cancer/tumor.

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