Visual Art Paper 1, Nov/Dec. 2012  
Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Main
General Comments
Question 1

Write notes on any five of the following:

  1. symmetry;
  2. asymmetry;
  3. contrast;
  4. alla prima;
  5. abstract art;
  6. realistic art.


This question attracted most of the candidates, but most of them lacked the requisite knowledge of the terms and therefore failed to obtain the available marks. The response expected from the candidates is as follows:
(a)                    -           a type of balance in a composition. 
-           it means the sameness of an artwork on both sides of a central
                                    imaginary line.
-           it gives mirror effect.
-           it is the opposite of asymmetry.
(b)                   -           it is a type of balance in a composition.
-           it is informal arrangement of elements. 
-           it is the opposite of symmetry.
-           it means unequal arrangements or distribution of elements in a work of art.
-           it does not give a monotonous effect.
-           it suggests an apparent movement.
(c)                    -           it is a principle of art.
-           it means the use of differences to create special effects in a work of art, e.g. differences in shapes, sizes, colour or tones (value), texture, lines, etc.
-           in a picture, contrast often attracts attention e,g. a large shape next to a small one, a bright colour next to a dull colour, or areas of dramatic shade next to highlights.
-           it is a way of giving emphasis to the centre of interest in a composition.
(d)                   -           it means painting a picture completely at one sitting.
-           it is usually suitable for impasto painting technique.
-           it was used by the impressionists.
-           it involves painting directly from the subject matter to the support.
-           mostly applicable to oil painting.
-           a painting technique in which layers of wet paint are applied to previous layers of wet paint.
-           also called wet-on-wet.

(e)                    -           it means an artistic representation that has no element of
-           it is also known as non-objective, non-representational or
non-figurative art.
-           it deals with the essentials of form.
-           it usually involves simplification of forms.
-           forms are broken down into component masses.
-           it disregards the limitations of nature.
-           it is the opposite of realistic representation.

(f)                    -           literarily, it means depicting the real or actual.
-           it is the opposite of abstract art.
-           it means the representation of objects in as much lifelike as possible.
-           it is also called objective or figurative art.
-           it is the basic focus of the 19th Century art
movement - Realism.

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