Civic Education Paper 2 May/June

Question 5

(a)        What is drug trafficking?
(b)        State four social consequences of drug abuse.


This question was equally popular. Most of the candidates who attempted it performed creditably well and scored high marks. Nevertheless, some candidates deprived themselves of good marks as they mistook ‘drug trafficking’ for either ‘human trafficking’ in the (a) part of question 4 or ‘drug abuse’. Some candidates also stated the health implication of drug abuse in the (b) part instead as against the social consequences. The candidates were expected to provide the following answers to the question:

(a)        Drug trafficking is a world-wide illegal trade involving the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of substances/drugs which are identified under drug prohibition laws.                    

  1. Large number of drug addicts roaming the streets with no desire for work or education affects the economy adversely.
  2. Public safety is usually threatened as a result of the anti-social behaviour of drug addicts e.g. thuggery.
  3. Widespread violence in the society.
  4. Murder cases become rampant in the society.
  5. Rampant cases of rape in the society.
  6. Armed robbery becomes widespread.
  7. Arson becomes widespread.
  8. Preventable road accidents are caused by drug addicts.
  9. Negative effects on younger generation as addicts become perverse role models.
  10. Disruption of societal peace and tranquility as a result of drug-related crimes and conflicts among drug traffickers/barons.
  11. Increased number of mentally deranged individuals in the society.
  12. It leads to moral decadence.
  13. It leads to untimely death of victims thereby causing sorrows to families and society at large.
  14. It leads to social stigmatization of victims.
  15. It makes children vulnerable to drug-related crimes and activities.
  16. It may lead to congestion of prisons.