Painting And Decorating Paper 2 May/June 2015

Question 1

With examples, write notes on any three of the following terms: 
(a)       advancing colours;
(b)        discordant colours;
(c)        harmonious colours;

(d)        analogous colours


This question was very clear and precise. Candidates who attempted the question had a good knowledge of it. The question centred on colour definition and its uses. Candidates were expected to provide the following answers to the question:    
(a)          Advancing colours:
-           They are colours that appear more prominent to the eyes when used on surfaces.
                                    -           They are colours that seem to draw closer to the viewer.
-           If any advancing colour is used to decorate a room, it appears smaller than the actual size.
                                    -           They are referred to as warm colours.
-           Examples include yellow, red and orange, yellow- green, red- orange etc.

(b)         Discordant colours:
-           It means inharmonious combination of hues often far apart on the colour wheel.
-           A discordant colour scheme is based on hues that compete or conflict, resulting in a relationship of disharmony.
-           They are colour schemes that are used without conformity to their natural order of tonal value.
-           Discordant colour is unpleasant when used in large area.
-           A discordant colour scheme can be used to create good effects in decorative painting.
-           Examples include (i)   Pale blue with deep orange;
(ii)  Pale purple with strong yellow.

(c)          Harmonious colours:
-           They are closely related hues or pure colours that are used in a colour scheme.
-           A harmonious colour scheme gives a pleasing effect in a decorative painting.           
-           They are colour schemes that are used in conformity to their natural order of tonal value on the colour wheel.
-           They are colours that are in tune with each other, and look extremely presentable when used in tandem.
-           Examples of harmonious colour schemes include:

  • Complementary (red & green, orange & blue, violet & yellow).
  • Analogous (red, red-orange and red-violet)
  • Triad (red, blue and green).
  • Monochromatic (different shades and tints of one colour).

(d)       Analogous colours:
-           analogous colour schemes are colours that are close to each other on the colour wheel/closely related to each other in the colour wheel.
-           They usually match well and create serene and comfortable designs/effects.
-           They are harmonious and pleasing to the eye because of the presence of a common hue and because of their proximity on the colour wheel.
-           They usually involve 3 to 4 hues.
-           Examples of analogous colour scheme include:

  • Yellow, yellow-green, green and blue green;
  • Red, red-orange, orange and yellow-orange.