Clothing and Textiles Paper 2, Nov/Dec.2010  
Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Main
General Comments

Question 1

: (a) Explain the following terms as used in Clothing and Textiles:
(ii) mixtures
(b) State three advantages in combining cotton and polyester.
(c) Explain the following terms in fabric production.
(ii) sanforization;
(iv) proban



The candidates did not write the advantages in combining cotton and polyester well.
The required answers to the questions are as follows:
Question 1: Definition of Terms
(a) (i) Blends:
A blend is two or more fibres put together as the yam is being made or spun.
Blend is a yarn spun from two or more fibres of different origins
(ii) Mixture:
A mixture is two yarns put together as the fabric is made or woven.
A mixture is a fabric woven from two different yarns e.g. the weft is cotton and the warp thread is wool.
(b) Advantages in combining cotton and polyester
The end product is cooler to wear than polyester
It is more absorbent than polyester
It can stand hotter temperature.
It is more crease-resistant than cotton.
It does not fray as badly as polyester.
It is strong/durable.
It dries more quickly than cotton
It may be set into permanent creases or pleats.
It is more resistant to moth and mildew.
It is easy to launder.
It is more shrink-resistant than cotton.
(c)Explanation of tenns in fabric production
(i) Glazing:
It is a process of applying resin to cotton and linen to make it crease-resistant and dirt-repellent. It also gives it a sheen.
(ii) Sanforisation: It is a process whereby the fabric is shrunk before appearing on the market.
It is a treatment given to fabric to prevent shrinkage
(iv) Proban:
This is a method of making non-woven fabrics by laying fabrics into sheets and applying adhesive substances. Pressure and heat help the adhesive bond the fibres together. It is a process which uses chemical treatment to prevent flames spreading through the fabric.
The process that makes the fabric flame-proof.


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