Literature-In-English Paper 2, May/June 2014  
Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Main
General Comments
Question 8

Comment on the narrative techniques used in the novel


The story starts with the third person point or authorial point of view. Santiago’s person, life and activities are discussed in this point of view. However, much of the story is told in dialogue between Santiago and Manolin.

Internal monologue is also employed by the author in Santiago’s engagement with the Marlin fish and the sharks. He is often seen talking to himself and giving encouragement to himself when all seems to be lost. Flashback is used by the author to recall Santiago’s past.


Very few Candidates attempted the question and they did not seem to understand the question.

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