Visual Art Paper 2, May/June 2013  
Questions: 1 2 3 Main
General Comments


Some of the weaknesses observed from the works of the candidates include:

(1) Poor composition The principle of Harmony (unity) is one that was completely disregarded by candidates in their composition. Rather than rendering the objects as a unified composition, most candidates isolated the objects by drawing them separately from each other. The appropriate approach to effective drawing is by combining all object/forms together as one unified composition.

(2) Shading deficiency The element of value, manifesting in the grading of tones to represent objects in their solid forms and indicating the source of light was completely disregarded by candidates. Most candidates, in their inability to grade the tones could not depict contrast between the objects and also between the objects and the background. This made their drawing to appear flat and monotonous.

(3) Inappropriate use of paper Candidates found it difficult to use the available space to advantage. The appropriate thing is for candidates to produce a composition that is proportional.and centralized. However, candidates’ drawings were either too small or too large for the available space and in most cases, they were not centrally positioned.

(4) Non-indication of baseline and background Most drawings were devoid of baseline and background, thereby making the drawing to float and not contextualized. It is always appropriate to indicate or depict the relationship between the subject matter and the environment and this can only be achieved by an indication of the base upon which the objects are placed, as well as the background.

(5) Imaginative drawing The drawing component of WASSCE Visual art examination is meant to be observational, either from objects, nature or a life model. It is absolutely imperative for candidates to draw from observing any of the objects arranged or the human model. However, some candidates obviously made their drawing from imagination, rather than from observation as required.


The abovementioned weaknesses could be addressed through the following:

(1) Understanding the elements and principles of art Candidates should make effort to understand the elements and principles of art as well as the ways of applying them in a composition. Knowledge of the element of value for example, would enable them to use graded tones to render the actual forms of objects and it would facilitate appropriate depiction of contrast between objects. The principle of harmony will also aid candidates in achieving unity in their compositions.

(2) Exposure to quality art works Students should be exposed to quality art works through visits to art exhibitions and museums. They can also subject themselves to tutelage in established art studios or under competent professionals.

(3) Constant practice Students should learn to draw at all times. Therefore, it is necessary that they get themselves sketch pads to enable them engage in constant drawing.

(4) Contextualization of composition Candidates should learn to contextualize and stabilize their drawing. An indication of baseline will indicate the platform upon which objects are arranged and the background will place the composition in the suitable environment. This is necessary in preventing a drawing from hanging loosely in space.

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