### Question 9

- The functions
*f*: x x2 + 1 and*g*: x 5 – 3x are defined on the set of real numbers, R. - State the domain of
*f*-1, the inverse of*f*. - Find
*g*-1(2).

### Observation

The Chief Examiner reported that majority of the candidates attempted this question. The report further stated that while majority of the candidates were able to obtain the inverse function, f-1, some of them could not state the domain of f-1. Candidates were expected to show that if f-1 was the inverse of f, then f(f-1(x)) = x. Since f(x) = x2 + 1, then f(f-1(x)) = (f-1(x))2 + 1 = x. This implied that (f-1(x))2 = x – 1.

Hence, f-1(x) = . f-1(x) will be real if x ≥ 1. Therefore, domain of f-1 =

Df-1 = {x: x ≥ 1}. g(x) = 5 -3x, therefore, g(g-1(x)) = 5 – 3(g-1) = x. This implied that g-1(x) = . g-1(2) = = 1. In part (b), majority of the candidates failed to recognize that the numerator and the denominator of the integrand were equal and so would cancel out. Hence, the integral would become = = 2. Majority of the candidates applied the substitution method which took them a longer time to get the answer.