Government 2, Nov/Dec2014  
Questions:   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10   Main
General Comments

question 2

(a)        Outline two main features of a Unitary Constitution.
(b)        Explain three conditions that can necessitate the adoption of a Unitary Constitution in a country.


This was a popular question and was attempted by most candidates.  The performance of the candidates who answered it was good as they really understood its demands. However, some candidates did not do well in the (b) part and they scored low marks it. The candidates were expected to provide the following answers to the question:

            (a)        (i)         The amendment provisions are flexible;
                        (ii)        Other authorities derive their powers from the central government;
                        (iii)       It concentrates governmental powers in a single central government
                                    or legislature;
                        (iv)       States and local governments are made subordinate to the central
                                    government by the constitution.

            (b)        (i)         If the size of the country is small;
                        (ii)        When there is common language and culture in the country;
                        (iii)       Absence or minimal ethnic and tribal differences among the
                                    people in the country;
                        (iv)       Absence of serious fear of domination;
                        (v)        Shortage of human and material resources;
                        (vi)       If the population of the country is small;
                        (vii)      If there are no marked differences in the historical origin of the
                                    people to make up the country;
                        (viii)     Absence of marked economic inequality among the people in the
                        (ix)       Desire to achieve uniform development;
                        (x)        Common colonial/historical experience;
                        (xi)       Simple and cheap to operate;

                        (xii)      Effect or influence of successful unitary constitutions in other    countries


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